Hands are the most utilized tools in the office and workplace, making their protection from on-the-job dangers seriously important to maintaining employee productivity. Hand dangers are around every corner. Based upon the workplace, employees’ hands are endangered from chemicals, abrasive surfaces, splinters, broken glass, and cuts or scrapes, among countless other hazards.
According to the US Department of Labor, injuries to hands accounted for almost 25 percent of lost-time industrial injuries — a total of 110,000 annually. Seventy percent of those accidents resulted when a worker was not wearing gloves, while another 30 percent of hand injuries occurred while a worker was wearing the wrong kind of gloves.
Hand injuries are preventable. Safety work gloves, correctly sized and engineered with the right materials, will defend workers from virtually any type of hazard. Regrettably, employees frequently have a very limited understanding of how to pick a glove correctly dependent on the dangers they confront. The amount of glove choices is vast–and also the criteria governing personal protective equipment, including hand protection–aren’t always easy to decode.
Protective gloves, just like any safety product, must be selected properly for the particular application. To accomplish this, first, determine the scope of the work, and next, identify any potential hazards within that scope that may injure employees’ hands. When it is possible to remove the identified hazard by engineering or substitution, this is always the best means to safeguard the worker. If not, gloves should be used only as a last resort, along with other required PPE. Protective gloves are far less effective than other management measures but if preventing contact is impractical or is not sufficient to guard workers then glasses are needed.
Recognize an employee may be exposed to more than one hazard. As an example, the Jobsite may contain corrosive chemicals or biological exposure, in addition to sharp metals, or broken glass. If you are not certain of the danger or hazards, confer with an ESH planner or industrial hygienist. Once gloves are selected, inform workers on how to use them properly to safeguard themselves. When the gloves are reusable ask workers to wash them before removal and inform them how they should be saved.
Chemical Proof Gloves
A principle function of the skin is to protect our bodies from exposure to potentially harmful elements of the external environment. Skin does so remarkably well, but direct contact with substances poses a danger to the skin itself. Chemical reactions to the skin can be a burn, dermatitis, or chapping. Chemicals may also penetrate the skin and enter the blood.
Risk varies by the chemical, its concentration, and the timing of touch one of other security factors. Refer to the product SDS for specifics. Section 8 of the SDS provides what types of PPE are necessary to protect the user. Section 11 contains toxicological information like possible local skin effects, in addition to potential absorption through the skin and resultant acute and chronic effects.
Because different glove materials resist various chemicals, no one glove is suited for many chemical exposures. Dependant on the chemical, gloves can be fabricated with natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile rubber, butyl rubber, polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl alcohol, Saranex, Tychem, Trellchem. Key aspects to review in choosing the substance are breakthrough time, degradation, and permeation rate. Refer to this glove maker’s test data for information.
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.138 (Hand Protection General Requirements) specifically addresses the need for hand protection or chemical protective gloves. This standard makes it mandatory to estimate the task for substance exposures, and then pick the proper, chemical protective glove based on material, depth, duration, and other traits. You can also order work gloves wholesale which helps you to save your money. ANSI/ISEA 105-2016 is another source of information that delivers a consistent, numeric-scale method for manufacturers to rate their gloves from specific contaminants and knots.
Cut Resistant Gloves
Tear, puncture, and cut resistant gloves are often constructed from materials such as high-quality stainless steel Kevlar and may feature a mesh aesthetic. Resistant to damage from sharp or abrasive objects like knives and glass, these gloves are often ergonomically designed for a precise fit.
There are just two major global standards used to evaluate the protection levels of work gloves: ANSI/ISEA 105 (U.S. Standard) and EN 388 (EU Standard). Besides Europe, EN 388 can be commonly cited in different parts of the world including Canada, AUS/NZ, and South America. In 2015-2016, significant changes were made to ensure consistency between different standards and to decrease the gaps between security levels.
The new ANSI/ISEA 105 scale, characterized by an ‘A’ in front of level numbers from A1 to A9, steps a glove’s performance by the outer force it could withstand in g. For instance, an A1 glove may withstand from 200-499 grams of cutting force, whereas an A9 glove may withstand 6000+ g of cutting force.
Cut-resistant sleeves, often worn with Cut-resistant gloves, extend protection against up the wrist towards the elbow or shoulder.
Thermal Proof Gloves
Thermal proof gloves protect against extreme temperatures and are manufactured from a variety of materials, including:
- Neoprene: Neoprene gloves are used for protection against frost and burn off injuries, as in the case of firefighting gloves. Besides its thermal resistant attributes, this flexible and
- Aluminized Material: Aluminized material is capable of handling and withstanding extremely high temperatures (depending upon the specific formulation up to and surpassing 2,000° F). Gloves made of the substance are suitable for welding, furnace and foundry, and some laboratory applications.
When choosing the heat-resistant gloves for a task, you will need to learn the exact temperature of the item, not only the ambient temperatures. For instance, an industrial oven could be 1000°F but the object being managed is just 600°F. Additionally, higher temperature gloves can be found as gloves or mitts. Gloves are for applications that require dexterity, while mitts are for programs that need extra insulation for heat protection, additional comfort, and longer wear. Heat-resistant gloves should be analyzed to ASTM F1060-87 (also known as C.H.A.R.) that establishes the maximum temperature at which a person can hold an item for at least four seconds before feeling pain, and for over 15 seconds before getting a second-degree burn.
On the other end of the temperature spectrum, cold-resistant gloves, commonly known as freezer gloves, shield employee hands from cuts and scrapes, while inner insulation reduces the risk of frostbite. These gloves do not have the depth or the high level of insulation associated with a ski kind glove since that bulkiness would inhibit grip and dexterity when handling frozen foods. Polyethylene, glass fiber, polyester, and spandex are all used in the construction of cold storage thermal gloves. Water-resistant on the glove’s base layer moves away moisture from the skin, helping to keep palms drier and drier for a longer time.
Gloves & Machinery
Machinists who are operating rotating machines shouldn’t wear gloves. If machinists are working with a CNC machine, a lathe, a knee mill, or a drill press, wearing gloves near a rotating spindle can spell disaster. Machinery must have guards installed or incorporated into their design that prevent hands from contacting the point of performance or other moving components.
Like any tool, gloves should be treated properly for them to execute their function. Protective gloves should be inspected before each use to make sure that they aren’t torn, punctured, or made ineffective at all. A visual inspection will help detect cuts or tears but a more thorough inspection by filling the gloves with water and tightly rolling the cuff towards the fingers will help reveal any untoward escapes. Gloves that are discolored or rigid may also signal deficiencies caused by excessive use or degradation from chemical exposure.
Wearing the right safety gloves is instrumental in preventing different office hand injuries, including cuts, punctures, burns, or abrasion injuries. It also saves costs incurred by the company each time a hand injury occurs, such as medical expenses that average $6,000 and lost-time reimbursement expenses that average $7,500. Hand injuries send more than one million workers to the emergency room each year. Your employees cannot manage to go barehanded or be sporting the incorrect gloves, not after the cost of one preventable incident far exceeds the price of an entire hand protection program.