Know The Basic Difference Between a Surgical Gown and Gown

Surgical Gown

Today, we will be trying to highlight the differences in the gowns worn daily by healthcare staff. There are at most three types of gowns. It is important to understand how they differ so that you can use them correctly.

Three types of personal protective equipment are commonly used in healthcare. These are disposable insulation gowns, disposable protective clothing, and disposable surgical gowns. However, they are often confused by many people. This article will focus on 3 aspects: function, method, design, and manufacturing materials.


  • Disposable isolation gowns: These are protective equipment used by healthcare personnel to protect against contamination by blood, body fluids, and other substances. Protect patients against infection.
  • Medical personnel must wear disposable protective clothing when treating patients with infectious diseases. This protects healthcare professionals from infection.
  • Disposable surgical dress: A disposable surgical gown serves as protection for both the patient and the medical staff. It protects the skin and clothing of medical personnel, as well as prevents infection from bodily fluids.


  • Disposable Insulation Gowns: This type of protective clothing can be used to protect medical personnel from blood spillages, secretions, or excrements. These are essential for patients who need to access high-risk wards like intensive care and neonatal intensive.
  • Disposable protective gowns: These are worn when in close contact with patients with an infectious disease, such as SARS, Ebola, or MERS.
  • Disposable surgical gown: These gowns are used only in the operating room and are aseptically sterilized.

Design and Materials

  • Disposable isolation gowns: These are made from non-woven fabrics or other materials like plastic films. These provide extra protection. It must cover the torso to prevent contamination of medical personnel’s clothing. The gown must also be tear- and abrasion-resistant so that it can be worn 100%.
  • Disposable protective gowns: Sector regulations state that disposable protective clothing consists of one pair of trousers and a hooded shirt (but it can also be one piece). To ensure safety and greater containment, it is important to have elastic straps that tighten the wrists and ankles. These protective clothing must also be waterproof and resistant to tearing and abrasion, according to the standards.
  • Disposable surgical gowns: According to regulations, disposable surgical costumes must be completely waterproofed and sterile. They must also have elastics on their wrists to allow for the use of sterile gloves by medical staff.

Disposable Isolation gowns: The reusable isolation gowns in Canada are made from non-woven materials, or combine with materials that have better barrier qualities like plastic film. Nonwoven fiber joining techniques are used to achieve toughness and integrity, rather than the interlocking of knitted and woven materials. To prevent the spread of microorganisms, the gown must cover the entire body. It must be impermeable, tear-resistant, and abrasion-resistant. Although there is not a standard, there is an introduction to wear and tear. The gown should be fully open at the back so that all clothes are covered. However, there aren’t any relevant indicators like specifications or materials. The gown is reusable or disposable without the need for a cap. The gown’s definition does not require anti-penetration. It can also be waterproofed or not.

Disposable protective gowns: This protective gown is made up of a hooded top and trousers. You can choose between a one-piece or separate structure. The trousers are made tighter and the cuffs are shortened. Protective clothing provides greater protection than the gown. One-offs are generally preferred.

The protective gown can be distinguished from surgical gown and isolation gown in terms of its appearance. The length of surgical gowns is not easily distinguished. It is determined by the length of the belt. Attached to the back is the belt of the surgical gown. They have interchangeable functions. Disposable gowns are more expensive than disposable ones. Disposable surgical gowns can be interlinked in the event of clinically frequent use (e.g. contact isolation of multidrug-resistant bacteria). However, gowns cannot be used to replace surgical gowns. There are many differences between the surgical gown and the isolation gown in terms of how they are worn and taken off.

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